The "Braveheart Theme" by James Horner is an orchestral composition typically performed in the key of E minor. It serves as the main theme for the 1995 film "Braveheart," directed by Mel Gibson. James Horner, an American composer, is the creator of this iconic piece. Notably, the melody is known for its stirring and epic quality, featuring soaring strings, majestic brass, and haunting bagpipes, capturing the spirit of Scottish rebellion depicted in the film. Despite the common misconception, John Williams did not compose the "Braveheart Theme," although he is renowned for his work in film music.